Dr hab. Czesław Kłak, University Professor
Czesław Kłak graduated from the Faculty of Law at the University of Rzeszów (UR) in 2003 (the individual study plan). He obtained the PhD degree in Legal Sciences at the Faculty of Law and Administration of the Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin (UMCS) on the basis of the thesis “Wyrok nakazowy a międzynarodowe standardy ochrony praw człowieka” in 2005. In 2012, at the age of 31, the Council of the Faculty of Law and Administration of the Jagiellonian University (UJ) in Kraków awarded him the postdoctoral degree (habilitation) in Legal Sciences on the basis of the thesis “Skarga na przewlekłość postępowania karnego a Europejska Konwencja o Ochronie Praw Człowieka i Podstawowych Wolności” and for his scientific achievements. He was granted a scholarship by the Foundation for Polish Science for outstanding scientists (in 2007 and 2008). He has been employed as professor at the Kujawy an Pomorze University (K-PU) in Bydgoszcz, where he heads the Chair of Criminology, Criminalistics, Internal Security and Penitentiary Sciences. He is also a judge of the Tribunal of State and a member of the Legislative Council to the Prime Minister.
His scholarly activity focuses on criminal law, criminal procedure, forensic science, criminology and penitentiary science. His scientific fields of interest also include: theory of the state and law (functions of public authority, state goals, functions of the state, forms of government, system of law, creation of law, application of law), constitutional law (principles of the political system of the Republic of Poland, sources of law, the President of the Republic in the system of constitutional state bodies, freedoms and human rights, constitutional aspects of security), the science of legislation (the principle of decent legislation, creation of criminal law), the system of legal protection bodies (courts and tribunals, the public prosecutor’s office, the notary’s office, public services, inspections, guards), public international law (sources of law, international organisations, international judiciary, subjects of international law, protection of freedoms and human rights, humanitarian law, cooperation in criminal matters) as well as European Union law (EU institutions and bodies, sources of EU law, procedures of creating EU law, application of EU law, protection of freedoms and human rights, legal aspects of Poland’s membership in the EU, EU law in relation to national law, cooperation in criminal matters). He also deals with security sciences (legal aspects of internal security, institutional system of internal security, security threats, protection of public security and order, crisis management). He is the author of more than 160 scientific publications, including those published in prestigious legal periodicals (e.g., „Przegląd Sądowy”, „Palestra”, „Przegląd Legislacyjny”, „Prokuratura i Prawo”) and numerous legal opinions. He also participated as a lecturer in numerous international and national conferences.